Class CacheBuilder<K,​V>

  • Type Parameters:
    K - the most general key type this builder will be able to create caches for. This is normally Object unless it is constrained by using a method like #removalListener
    V - the most general value type this builder will be able to create caches for. This is normally Object unless it is constrained by using a method like #removalListener

    @GwtCompatible(emulated=true)
    public final class CacheBuilder<K,​V>
    extends Object
    A builder of LoadingCache and Cache instances.

    Prefer Caffeine over Guava's caching API

    The successor to Guava's caching API is Caffeine. Its API is designed to make it a nearly drop-in replacement -- though it requires Java 8 APIs and is not available for Android or GWT/j2cl. Its equivalent to CacheBuilder is its Caffeine class. Caffeine offers better performance, more features (including asynchronous loading), and fewer bugs.

    Caffeine defines its own interfaces ( Cache, LoadingCache, CacheLoader, etc.), so you can use Caffeine without needing to use any Guava types. Caffeine's types are better than Guava's, especially for their deep support for asynchronous operations. But if you want to migrate to Caffeine with minimal code changes, you can use its CaffeinatedGuava adapter class, which lets you build a Guava Cache or a Guava LoadingCache backed by a Guava CacheLoader.

    Caffeine's API for asynchronous operations uses CompletableFuture: AsyncLoadingCache.get returns a CompletableFuture, and implementations of AsyncCacheLoader.asyncLoad must return a CompletableFuture. Users of Guava's ListenableFuture can adapt between the two Future types by using net.javacrumbs.futureconverter.java8guava.FutureConverter.

    More on CacheBuilder

    CacheBuilder builds caches with any combination of the following features:
    • automatic loading of entries into the cache
    • least-recently-used eviction when a maximum size is exceeded (note that the cache is divided into segments, each of which does LRU internally)
    • time-based expiration of entries, measured since last access or last write
    • keys automatically wrapped in WeakReference
    • values automatically wrapped in WeakReference or SoftReference
    • notification of evicted (or otherwise removed) entries
    • accumulation of cache access statistics

    These features are all optional; caches can be created using all or none of them. By default cache instances created by CacheBuilder will not perform any type of eviction.

    Usage example:

    
     LoadingCache<Key, Graph> graphs = CacheBuilder.newBuilder()
         .maximumSize(10000)
         .expireAfterWrite(Duration.ofMinutes(10))
         .removalListener(MY_LISTENER)
         .build(
             new CacheLoader<Key, Graph>() {
               public Graph load(Key key) throws AnyException {
                 return createExpensiveGraph(key);
               }
             });
     

    Or equivalently,

    
     // In real life this would come from a command-line flag or config file
     String spec = "maximumSize=10000,expireAfterWrite=10m";
    
     LoadingCache<Key, Graph> graphs = CacheBuilder.from(spec)
         .removalListener(MY_LISTENER)
         .build(
             new CacheLoader<Key, Graph>() {
               public Graph load(Key key) throws AnyException {
                 return createExpensiveGraph(key);
               }
             });
     

    The returned cache is implemented as a hash table with similar performance characteristics to ConcurrentHashMap. It implements all optional operations of the LoadingCache and Cache interfaces. The asMap view (and its collection views) have weakly consistent iterators. This means that they are safe for concurrent use, but if other threads modify the cache after the iterator is created, it is undefined which of these changes, if any, are reflected in that iterator. These iterators never throw ConcurrentModificationException.

    Note: by default, the returned cache uses equality comparisons (the equals method) to determine equality for keys or values. However, if weakKeys() was specified, the cache uses identity (==) comparisons instead for keys. Likewise, if weakValues() or softValues() was specified, the cache uses identity comparisons for values.

    Entries are automatically evicted from the cache when any of maximumSize, maximumWeight, expireAfterWrite, expireAfterAccess, weakKeys, weakValues, or softValues are requested.

    If maximumSize or maximumWeight is requested entries may be evicted on each cache modification.

    If expireAfterWrite or expireAfterAccess is requested entries may be evicted on each cache modification, on occasional cache accesses, or on calls to Cache.cleanUp(). Expired entries may be counted by Cache.size(), but will never be visible to read or write operations.

    If weakKeys, weakValues, or softValues are requested, it is possible for a key or value present in the cache to be reclaimed by the garbage collector. Entries with reclaimed keys or values may be removed from the cache on each cache modification, on occasional cache accesses, or on calls to Cache.cleanUp(); such entries may be counted in Cache.size(), but will never be visible to read or write operations.

    Certain cache configurations will result in the accrual of periodic maintenance tasks which will be performed during write operations, or during occasional read operations in the absence of writes. The Cache.cleanUp() method of the returned cache will also perform maintenance, but calling it should not be necessary with a high throughput cache. Only caches built with removalListener, expireAfterWrite, expireAfterAccess, weakKeys, weakValues, or softValues perform periodic maintenance.

    The caches produced by CacheBuilder are serializable, and the deserialized caches retain all the configuration properties of the original cache. Note that the serialized form does not include cache contents, but only configuration.

    See the Guava User Guide article on caching for a higher-level explanation.

    Since:
    10.0
    Author:
    Charles Fry, Kevin Bourrillion
    • Method Summary

      All Methods Static Methods Instance Methods Concrete Methods 
      Modifier and Type Method Description
      <K1 extends K,​V1 extends V>
      Cache<K1,​V1>
      build()
      Builds a cache which does not automatically load values when keys are requested.
      <K1 extends K,​V1 extends V>
      LoadingCache<K1,​V1>
      build​(CacheLoader<? super K1,​V1> loader)
      Builds a cache, which either returns an already-loaded value for a given key or atomically computes or retrieves it using the supplied CacheLoader.
      CacheBuilder<K,​V> concurrencyLevel​(int concurrencyLevel)
      Guides the allowed concurrency among update operations.
      CacheBuilder<K,​V> expireAfterAccess​(long duration, TimeUnit unit)
      Specifies that each entry should be automatically removed from the cache once a fixed duration has elapsed after the entry's creation, the most recent replacement of its value, or its last access.
      CacheBuilder<K,​V> expireAfterAccess​(Duration duration)
      Specifies that each entry should be automatically removed from the cache once a fixed duration has elapsed after the entry's creation, the most recent replacement of its value, or its last access.
      CacheBuilder<K,​V> expireAfterWrite​(long duration, TimeUnit unit)
      Specifies that each entry should be automatically removed from the cache once a fixed duration has elapsed after the entry's creation, or the most recent replacement of its value.
      CacheBuilder<K,​V> expireAfterWrite​(Duration duration)
      Specifies that each entry should be automatically removed from the cache once a fixed duration has elapsed after the entry's creation, or the most recent replacement of its value.
      static CacheBuilder<Object,​Object> from​(CacheBuilderSpec spec)
      Constructs a new CacheBuilder instance with the settings specified in spec.
      static CacheBuilder<Object,​Object> from​(String spec)
      Constructs a new CacheBuilder instance with the settings specified in spec.
      CacheBuilder<K,​V> initialCapacity​(int initialCapacity)
      Sets the minimum total size for the internal hash tables.
      CacheBuilder<K,​V> maximumSize​(long maximumSize)
      Specifies the maximum number of entries the cache may contain.
      CacheBuilder<K,​V> maximumWeight​(long maximumWeight)
      Specifies the maximum weight of entries the cache may contain.
      static CacheBuilder<Object,​Object> newBuilder()
      Constructs a new CacheBuilder instance with default settings, including strong keys, strong values, and no automatic eviction of any kind.
      CacheBuilder<K,​V> recordStats()
      Enable the accumulation of CacheStats during the operation of the cache.
      CacheBuilder<K,​V> refreshAfterWrite​(long duration, TimeUnit unit)
      Specifies that active entries are eligible for automatic refresh once a fixed duration has elapsed after the entry's creation, or the most recent replacement of its value.
      CacheBuilder<K,​V> refreshAfterWrite​(Duration duration)
      Specifies that active entries are eligible for automatic refresh once a fixed duration has elapsed after the entry's creation, or the most recent replacement of its value.
      <K1 extends K,​V1 extends V>
      CacheBuilder<K1,​V1>
      removalListener​(RemovalListener<? super K1,​? super V1> listener)
      Specifies a listener instance that caches should notify each time an entry is removed for any reason.
      CacheBuilder<K,​V> softValues()
      Specifies that each value (not key) stored in the cache should be wrapped in a SoftReference (by default, strong references are used).
      CacheBuilder<K,​V> ticker​(Ticker ticker)
      Specifies a nanosecond-precision time source for this cache.
      String toString()
      Returns a string representation for this CacheBuilder instance.
      CacheBuilder<K,​V> weakKeys()
      Specifies that each key (not value) stored in the cache should be wrapped in a WeakReference (by default, strong references are used).
      CacheBuilder<K,​V> weakValues()
      Specifies that each value (not key) stored in the cache should be wrapped in a WeakReference (by default, strong references are used).
      <K1 extends K,​V1 extends V>
      CacheBuilder<K1,​V1>
      weigher​(Weigher<? super K1,​? super V1> weigher)
      Specifies the weigher to use in determining the weight of entries.
    • Method Detail

      • initialCapacity

        public CacheBuilder<K,​VinitialCapacity​(int initialCapacity)
        Sets the minimum total size for the internal hash tables. For example, if the initial capacity is 60, and the concurrency level is 8, then eight segments are created, each having a hash table of size eight. Providing a large enough estimate at construction time avoids the need for expensive resizing operations later, but setting this value unnecessarily high wastes memory.
        Returns:
        this CacheBuilder instance (for chaining)
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if initialCapacity is negative
        IllegalStateException - if an initial capacity was already set
      • concurrencyLevel

        public CacheBuilder<K,​VconcurrencyLevel​(int concurrencyLevel)
        Guides the allowed concurrency among update operations. Used as a hint for internal sizing. The table is internally partitioned to try to permit the indicated number of concurrent updates without contention. Because assignment of entries to these partitions is not necessarily uniform, the actual concurrency observed may vary. Ideally, you should choose a value to accommodate as many threads as will ever concurrently modify the table. Using a significantly higher value than you need can waste space and time, and a significantly lower value can lead to thread contention. But overestimates and underestimates within an order of magnitude do not usually have much noticeable impact. A value of one permits only one thread to modify the cache at a time, but since read operations and cache loading computations can proceed concurrently, this still yields higher concurrency than full synchronization.

        Defaults to 4. Note:The default may change in the future. If you care about this value, you should always choose it explicitly.

        The current implementation uses the concurrency level to create a fixed number of hashtable segments, each governed by its own write lock. The segment lock is taken once for each explicit write, and twice for each cache loading computation (once prior to loading the new value, and once after loading completes). Much internal cache management is performed at the segment granularity. For example, access queues and write queues are kept per segment when they are required by the selected eviction algorithm. As such, when writing unit tests it is not uncommon to specify concurrencyLevel(1) in order to achieve more deterministic eviction behavior.

        Note that future implementations may abandon segment locking in favor of more advanced concurrency controls.

        Returns:
        this CacheBuilder instance (for chaining)
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if concurrencyLevel is nonpositive
        IllegalStateException - if a concurrency level was already set
      • maximumSize

        public CacheBuilder<K,​VmaximumSize​(long maximumSize)
        Specifies the maximum number of entries the cache may contain.

        Note that the cache may evict an entry before this limit is exceeded. For example, in the current implementation, when concurrencyLevel is greater than 1, each resulting segment inside the cache independently limits its own size to approximately maximumSize / concurrencyLevel.

        When eviction is necessary, the cache evicts entries that are less likely to be used again. For example, the cache may evict an entry because it hasn't been used recently or very often.

        If maximumSize is zero, elements will be evicted immediately after being loaded into cache. This can be useful in testing, or to disable caching temporarily.

        This feature cannot be used in conjunction with maximumWeight.

        Parameters:
        maximumSize - the maximum size of the cache
        Returns:
        this CacheBuilder instance (for chaining)
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if maximumSize is negative
        IllegalStateException - if a maximum size or weight was already set
      • maximumWeight

        @GwtIncompatible
        public CacheBuilder<K,​VmaximumWeight​(long maximumWeight)
        Specifies the maximum weight of entries the cache may contain. Weight is determined using the Weigher specified with weigher, and use of this method requires a corresponding call to weigher prior to calling build(com.google.common.cache.CacheLoader<? super K1, V1>).

        Note that the cache may evict an entry before this limit is exceeded. For example, in the current implementation, when concurrencyLevel is greater than 1, each resulting segment inside the cache independently limits its own weight to approximately maximumWeight / concurrencyLevel.

        When eviction is necessary, the cache evicts entries that are less likely to be used again. For example, the cache may evict an entry because it hasn't been used recently or very often.

        If maximumWeight is zero, elements will be evicted immediately after being loaded into cache. This can be useful in testing, or to disable caching temporarily.

        Note that weight is only used to determine whether the cache is over capacity; it has no effect on selecting which entry should be evicted next.

        This feature cannot be used in conjunction with maximumSize.

        Parameters:
        maximumWeight - the maximum total weight of entries the cache may contain
        Returns:
        this CacheBuilder instance (for chaining)
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if maximumWeight is negative
        IllegalStateException - if a maximum weight or size was already set
        Since:
        11.0
      • weigher

        @GwtIncompatible
        public <K1 extends K,​V1 extends VCacheBuilder<K1,​V1> weigher​(Weigher<? super K1,​? super V1> weigher)
        Specifies the weigher to use in determining the weight of entries. Entry weight is taken into consideration by maximumWeight(long) when determining which entries to evict, and use of this method requires a corresponding call to maximumWeight(long) prior to calling build(com.google.common.cache.CacheLoader<? super K1, V1>). Weights are measured and recorded when entries are inserted into the cache, and are thus effectively static during the lifetime of a cache entry.

        When the weight of an entry is zero it will not be considered for size-based eviction (though it still may be evicted by other means).

        Important note: Instead of returning this as a CacheBuilder instance, this method returns CacheBuilder<K1, V1>. From this point on, either the original reference or the returned reference may be used to complete configuration and build the cache, but only the "generic" one is type-safe. That is, it will properly prevent you from building caches whose key or value types are incompatible with the types accepted by the weigher already provided; the CacheBuilder type cannot do this. For best results, simply use the standard method-chaining idiom, as illustrated in the documentation at top, configuring a CacheBuilder and building your Cache all in a single statement.

        Warning: if you ignore the above advice, and use this CacheBuilder to build a cache whose key or value type is incompatible with the weigher, you will likely experience a ClassCastException at some undefined point in the future.

        Parameters:
        weigher - the weigher to use in calculating the weight of cache entries
        Returns:
        this CacheBuilder instance (for chaining)
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if size is negative
        IllegalStateException - if a maximum size was already set
        Since:
        11.0
      • weakKeys

        @GwtIncompatible
        public CacheBuilder<K,​VweakKeys()
        Specifies that each key (not value) stored in the cache should be wrapped in a WeakReference (by default, strong references are used).

        Warning: when this method is used, the resulting cache will use identity (==) comparison to determine equality of keys. Its Cache.asMap() view will therefore technically violate the Map specification (in the same way that IdentityHashMap does).

        Entries with keys that have been garbage collected may be counted in Cache.size(), but will never be visible to read or write operations; such entries are cleaned up as part of the routine maintenance described in the class javadoc.

        Returns:
        this CacheBuilder instance (for chaining)
        Throws:
        IllegalStateException - if the key strength was already set
      • weakValues

        @GwtIncompatible
        public CacheBuilder<K,​VweakValues()
        Specifies that each value (not key) stored in the cache should be wrapped in a WeakReference (by default, strong references are used).

        Weak values will be garbage collected once they are weakly reachable. This makes them a poor candidate for caching; consider softValues() instead.

        Note: when this method is used, the resulting cache will use identity (==) comparison to determine equality of values.

        Entries with values that have been garbage collected may be counted in Cache.size(), but will never be visible to read or write operations; such entries are cleaned up as part of the routine maintenance described in the class javadoc.

        Returns:
        this CacheBuilder instance (for chaining)
        Throws:
        IllegalStateException - if the value strength was already set
      • softValues

        @GwtIncompatible
        public CacheBuilder<K,​VsoftValues()
        Specifies that each value (not key) stored in the cache should be wrapped in a SoftReference (by default, strong references are used). Softly-referenced objects will be garbage-collected in a globally least-recently-used manner, in response to memory demand.

        Warning: in most circumstances it is better to set a per-cache maximum size instead of using soft references. You should only use this method if you are well familiar with the practical consequences of soft references.

        Note: when this method is used, the resulting cache will use identity (==) comparison to determine equality of values.

        Entries with values that have been garbage collected may be counted in Cache.size(), but will never be visible to read or write operations; such entries are cleaned up as part of the routine maintenance described in the class javadoc.

        Returns:
        this CacheBuilder instance (for chaining)
        Throws:
        IllegalStateException - if the value strength was already set
      • expireAfterWrite

        @GwtIncompatible
        public CacheBuilder<K,​VexpireAfterWrite​(Duration duration)
        Specifies that each entry should be automatically removed from the cache once a fixed duration has elapsed after the entry's creation, or the most recent replacement of its value.

        When duration is zero, this method hands off to maximumSize(0), ignoring any otherwise-specified maximum size or weight. This can be useful in testing, or to disable caching temporarily without a code change.

        Expired entries may be counted in Cache.size(), but will never be visible to read or write operations. Expired entries are cleaned up as part of the routine maintenance described in the class javadoc.

        Parameters:
        duration - the length of time after an entry is created that it should be automatically removed
        Returns:
        this CacheBuilder instance (for chaining)
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if duration is negative
        IllegalStateException - if expireAfterWrite(java.time.Duration) was already set
        ArithmeticException - for durations greater than +/- approximately 292 years
        Since:
        25.0
      • expireAfterWrite

        public CacheBuilder<K,​VexpireAfterWrite​(long duration,
                                                        TimeUnit unit)
        Specifies that each entry should be automatically removed from the cache once a fixed duration has elapsed after the entry's creation, or the most recent replacement of its value.

        When duration is zero, this method hands off to maximumSize(0), ignoring any otherwise-specified maximum size or weight. This can be useful in testing, or to disable caching temporarily without a code change.

        Expired entries may be counted in Cache.size(), but will never be visible to read or write operations. Expired entries are cleaned up as part of the routine maintenance described in the class javadoc.

        If you can represent the duration as a Duration (which should be preferred when feasible), use expireAfterWrite(Duration) instead.

        Parameters:
        duration - the length of time after an entry is created that it should be automatically removed
        unit - the unit that duration is expressed in
        Returns:
        this CacheBuilder instance (for chaining)
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if duration is negative
        IllegalStateException - if expireAfterWrite(java.time.Duration) was already set
      • expireAfterAccess

        @GwtIncompatible
        public CacheBuilder<K,​VexpireAfterAccess​(Duration duration)
        Specifies that each entry should be automatically removed from the cache once a fixed duration has elapsed after the entry's creation, the most recent replacement of its value, or its last access. Access time is reset by all cache read and write operations (including Cache.asMap().get(Object) and Cache.asMap().put(K, V)), but not by containsKey(Object), nor by operations on the collection-views of Cache.asMap()}. So, for example, iterating through Cache.asMap().entrySet() does not reset access time for the entries you retrieve.

        When duration is zero, this method hands off to maximumSize(0), ignoring any otherwise-specified maximum size or weight. This can be useful in testing, or to disable caching temporarily without a code change.

        Expired entries may be counted in Cache.size(), but will never be visible to read or write operations. Expired entries are cleaned up as part of the routine maintenance described in the class javadoc.

        Parameters:
        duration - the length of time after an entry is last accessed that it should be automatically removed
        Returns:
        this CacheBuilder instance (for chaining)
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if duration is negative
        IllegalStateException - if expireAfterAccess(java.time.Duration) was already set
        ArithmeticException - for durations greater than +/- approximately 292 years
        Since:
        25.0
      • expireAfterAccess

        public CacheBuilder<K,​VexpireAfterAccess​(long duration,
                                                         TimeUnit unit)
        Specifies that each entry should be automatically removed from the cache once a fixed duration has elapsed after the entry's creation, the most recent replacement of its value, or its last access. Access time is reset by all cache read and write operations (including Cache.asMap().get(Object) and Cache.asMap().put(K, V)), but not by containsKey(Object), nor by operations on the collection-views of Cache.asMap(). So, for example, iterating through Cache.asMap().entrySet() does not reset access time for the entries you retrieve.

        When duration is zero, this method hands off to maximumSize(0), ignoring any otherwise-specified maximum size or weight. This can be useful in testing, or to disable caching temporarily without a code change.

        Expired entries may be counted in Cache.size(), but will never be visible to read or write operations. Expired entries are cleaned up as part of the routine maintenance described in the class javadoc.

        If you can represent the duration as a Duration (which should be preferred when feasible), use expireAfterAccess(Duration) instead.

        Parameters:
        duration - the length of time after an entry is last accessed that it should be automatically removed
        unit - the unit that duration is expressed in
        Returns:
        this CacheBuilder instance (for chaining)
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if duration is negative
        IllegalStateException - if expireAfterAccess(java.time.Duration) was already set
      • refreshAfterWrite

        @GwtIncompatible
        public CacheBuilder<K,​VrefreshAfterWrite​(Duration duration)
        Specifies that active entries are eligible for automatic refresh once a fixed duration has elapsed after the entry's creation, or the most recent replacement of its value. The semantics of refreshes are specified in LoadingCache.refresh(K), and are performed by calling CacheLoader.reload(K, V).

        As the default implementation of CacheLoader.reload(K, V) is synchronous, it is recommended that users of this method override CacheLoader.reload(K, V) with an asynchronous implementation; otherwise refreshes will be performed during unrelated cache read and write operations.

        Currently automatic refreshes are performed when the first stale request for an entry occurs. The request triggering refresh will make a synchronous call to CacheLoader.reload(K, V) to obtain a future of the new value. If the returned future is already complete, it is returned immediately. Otherwise, the old value is returned.

        Note: all exceptions thrown during refresh will be logged and then swallowed.

        Parameters:
        duration - the length of time after an entry is created that it should be considered stale, and thus eligible for refresh
        Returns:
        this CacheBuilder instance (for chaining)
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if duration is negative
        IllegalStateException - if refreshAfterWrite(java.time.Duration) was already set
        ArithmeticException - for durations greater than +/- approximately 292 years
        Since:
        25.0
      • refreshAfterWrite

        @GwtIncompatible
        public CacheBuilder<K,​VrefreshAfterWrite​(long duration,
                                                         TimeUnit unit)
        Specifies that active entries are eligible for automatic refresh once a fixed duration has elapsed after the entry's creation, or the most recent replacement of its value. The semantics of refreshes are specified in LoadingCache.refresh(K), and are performed by calling CacheLoader.reload(K, V).

        As the default implementation of CacheLoader.reload(K, V) is synchronous, it is recommended that users of this method override CacheLoader.reload(K, V) with an asynchronous implementation; otherwise refreshes will be performed during unrelated cache read and write operations.

        Currently automatic refreshes are performed when the first stale request for an entry occurs. The request triggering refresh will make a synchronous call to CacheLoader.reload(K, V) and immediately return the new value if the returned future is complete, and the old value otherwise.

        Note: all exceptions thrown during refresh will be logged and then swallowed.

        If you can represent the duration as a Duration (which should be preferred when feasible), use refreshAfterWrite(Duration) instead.

        Parameters:
        duration - the length of time after an entry is created that it should be considered stale, and thus eligible for refresh
        unit - the unit that duration is expressed in
        Returns:
        this CacheBuilder instance (for chaining)
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if duration is negative
        IllegalStateException - if refreshAfterWrite(java.time.Duration) was already set
        Since:
        11.0
      • ticker

        public CacheBuilder<K,​Vticker​(Ticker ticker)
        Specifies a nanosecond-precision time source for this cache. By default, System.nanoTime() is used.

        The primary intent of this method is to facilitate testing of caches with a fake or mock time source.

        Returns:
        this CacheBuilder instance (for chaining)
        Throws:
        IllegalStateException - if a ticker was already set
      • removalListener

        @CheckReturnValue
        public <K1 extends K,​V1 extends VCacheBuilder<K1,​V1> removalListener​(RemovalListener<? super K1,​? super V1> listener)
        Specifies a listener instance that caches should notify each time an entry is removed for any reason. Each cache created by this builder will invoke this listener as part of the routine maintenance described in the class documentation above.

        Warning: after invoking this method, do not continue to use this cache builder reference; instead use the reference this method returns. At runtime, these point to the same instance, but only the returned reference has the correct generic type information so as to ensure type safety. For best results, use the standard method-chaining idiom illustrated in the class documentation above, configuring a builder and building your cache in a single statement. Failure to heed this advice can result in a ClassCastException being thrown by a cache operation at some undefined point in the future.

        Warning: any exception thrown by listener will not be propagated to the Cache user, only logged via a Logger.

        Returns:
        the cache builder reference that should be used instead of this for any remaining configuration and cache building
        Throws:
        IllegalStateException - if a removal listener was already set
      • recordStats

        public CacheBuilder<K,​VrecordStats()
        Enable the accumulation of CacheStats during the operation of the cache. Without this Cache.stats() will return zero for all statistics. Note that recording stats requires bookkeeping to be performed with each operation, and thus imposes a performance penalty on cache operation.
        Returns:
        this CacheBuilder instance (for chaining)
        Since:
        12.0 (previously, stats collection was automatic)
      • build

        @CheckReturnValue
        public <K1 extends K,​V1 extends VLoadingCache<K1,​V1> build​(CacheLoader<? super K1,​V1> loader)
        Builds a cache, which either returns an already-loaded value for a given key or atomically computes or retrieves it using the supplied CacheLoader. If another thread is currently loading the value for this key, simply waits for that thread to finish and returns its loaded value. Note that multiple threads can concurrently load values for distinct keys.

        This method does not alter the state of this CacheBuilder instance, so it can be invoked again to create multiple independent caches.

        Parameters:
        loader - the cache loader used to obtain new values
        Returns:
        a cache having the requested features
      • build

        @CheckReturnValue
        public <K1 extends K,​V1 extends VCache<K1,​V1> build()
        Builds a cache which does not automatically load values when keys are requested.

        Consider build(CacheLoader) instead, if it is feasible to implement a CacheLoader.

        This method does not alter the state of this CacheBuilder instance, so it can be invoked again to create multiple independent caches.

        Returns:
        a cache having the requested features
        Since:
        11.0
      • toString

        public String toString()
        Returns a string representation for this CacheBuilder instance. The exact form of the returned string is not specified.
        Overrides:
        toString in class Object
        Returns:
        a string representation of the object.