Class Preconditions


  • @GwtCompatible
    public final class Preconditions
    extends java.lang.Object
    Static convenience methods that help a method or constructor check whether it was invoked correctly (that is, whether its preconditions were met).

    If the precondition is not met, the Preconditions method throws an unchecked exception of a specified type, which helps the method in which the exception was thrown communicate that its caller has made a mistake. This allows constructs such as

    
     public static double sqrt(double value) {
       if (value < 0) {
         throw new IllegalArgumentException("input is negative: " + value);
       }
       // calculate square root
     }
     

    to be replaced with the more compact

    
     public static double sqrt(double value) {
       checkArgument(value >= 0, "input is negative: %s", value);
       // calculate square root
     }
     

    so that a hypothetical bad caller of this method, such as:

    
     void exampleBadCaller() {
       double d = sqrt(-1.0);
     }
     

    would be flagged as having called sqrt() with an illegal argument.

    Performance

    Avoid passing message arguments that are expensive to compute; your code will always compute them, even though they usually won't be needed. If you have such arguments, use the conventional if/throw idiom instead.

    Depending on your message arguments, memory may be allocated for boxing and varargs array creation. However, the methods of this class have a large number of overloads that prevent such allocations in many common cases.

    The message string is not formatted unless the exception will be thrown, so the cost of the string formatting itself should not be a concern.

    As with any performance concerns, you should consider profiling your code (in a production environment if possible) before spending a lot of effort on tweaking a particular element.

    Other types of preconditions

    Not every type of precondition failure is supported by these methods. Continue to throw standard JDK exceptions such as NoSuchElementException or UnsupportedOperationException in the situations they are intended for.

    Non-preconditions

    It is of course possible to use the methods of this class to check for invalid conditions which are not the caller's fault. Doing so is not recommended because it is misleading to future readers of the code and of stack traces. See Conditional failures explained in the Guava User Guide for more advice. Notably, Verify offers assertions similar to those in this class for non-precondition checks.

    java.util.Objects.requireNonNull()

    Projects which use com.google.common should generally avoid the use of Objects.requireNonNull(Object). Instead, use whichever of checkNotNull(Object) or Verify.verifyNotNull(Object) is appropriate to the situation. (The same goes for the message-accepting overloads.)

    Only %s is supported

    Preconditions uses Strings.lenientFormat(java.lang.String, java.lang.Object...) to format error message template strings. This only supports the "%s" specifier, not the full range of Formatter specifiers. However, note that if the number of arguments does not match the number of occurrences of "%s" in the format string, Preconditions will still behave as expected, and will still include all argument values in the error message; the message will simply not be formatted exactly as intended.

    More information

    See the Guava User Guide on using Preconditions.

    Since:
    2.0
    Author:
    Kevin Bourrillion
    • Method Summary

      All Methods Static Methods Concrete Methods 
      Modifier and Type Method Description
      static void checkArgument​(boolean expression)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkArgument​(boolean expression, java.lang.Object errorMessage)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkArgument​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, char p1)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkArgument​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, char p1, char p2)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkArgument​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, char p1, int p2)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkArgument​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, char p1, long p2)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkArgument​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, char p1, java.lang.Object p2)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkArgument​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, int p1)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkArgument​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, int p1, char p2)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkArgument​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, int p1, int p2)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkArgument​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, int p1, long p2)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkArgument​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, int p1, java.lang.Object p2)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkArgument​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, long p1)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkArgument​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, long p1, char p2)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkArgument​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, long p1, int p2)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkArgument​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, long p1, long p2)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkArgument​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, long p1, java.lang.Object p2)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkArgument​(boolean expression, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, @Nullable java.lang.Object... errorMessageArgs)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkArgument​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, java.lang.Object p1)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkArgument​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, java.lang.Object p1, char p2)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkArgument​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, java.lang.Object p1, int p2)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkArgument​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, java.lang.Object p1, long p2)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkArgument​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, java.lang.Object p1, java.lang.Object p2)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkArgument​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, java.lang.Object p1, java.lang.Object p2, java.lang.Object p3)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkArgument​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, java.lang.Object p1, java.lang.Object p2, java.lang.Object p3, java.lang.Object p4)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.
      static int checkElementIndex​(int index, int size)
      Ensures that index specifies a valid element in an array, list or string of size size.
      static int checkElementIndex​(int index, int size, java.lang.String desc)
      Ensures that index specifies a valid element in an array, list or string of size size.
      static <T> T checkNotNull​(T reference)
      Ensures that an object reference passed as a parameter to the calling method is not null.
      static <T> T checkNotNull​(T reference, java.lang.Object errorMessage)
      Ensures that an object reference passed as a parameter to the calling method is not null.
      static <T> T checkNotNull​(T obj, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, char p1)
      Ensures that an object reference passed as a parameter to the calling method is not null.
      static <T> T checkNotNull​(T obj, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, char p1, char p2)
      Ensures that an object reference passed as a parameter to the calling method is not null.
      static <T> T checkNotNull​(T obj, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, char p1, int p2)
      Ensures that an object reference passed as a parameter to the calling method is not null.
      static <T> T checkNotNull​(T obj, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, char p1, long p2)
      Ensures that an object reference passed as a parameter to the calling method is not null.
      static <T> T checkNotNull​(T obj, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, char p1, java.lang.Object p2)
      Ensures that an object reference passed as a parameter to the calling method is not null.
      static <T> T checkNotNull​(T obj, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, int p1)
      Ensures that an object reference passed as a parameter to the calling method is not null.
      static <T> T checkNotNull​(T obj, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, int p1, char p2)
      Ensures that an object reference passed as a parameter to the calling method is not null.
      static <T> T checkNotNull​(T obj, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, int p1, int p2)
      Ensures that an object reference passed as a parameter to the calling method is not null.
      static <T> T checkNotNull​(T obj, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, int p1, long p2)
      Ensures that an object reference passed as a parameter to the calling method is not null.
      static <T> T checkNotNull​(T obj, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, int p1, java.lang.Object p2)
      Ensures that an object reference passed as a parameter to the calling method is not null.
      static <T> T checkNotNull​(T obj, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, long p1)
      Ensures that an object reference passed as a parameter to the calling method is not null.
      static <T> T checkNotNull​(T obj, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, long p1, char p2)
      Ensures that an object reference passed as a parameter to the calling method is not null.
      static <T> T checkNotNull​(T obj, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, long p1, int p2)
      Ensures that an object reference passed as a parameter to the calling method is not null.
      static <T> T checkNotNull​(T obj, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, long p1, long p2)
      Ensures that an object reference passed as a parameter to the calling method is not null.
      static <T> T checkNotNull​(T obj, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, long p1, java.lang.Object p2)
      Ensures that an object reference passed as a parameter to the calling method is not null.
      static <T> T checkNotNull​(T reference, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, @Nullable java.lang.Object... errorMessageArgs)
      Ensures that an object reference passed as a parameter to the calling method is not null.
      static <T> T checkNotNull​(T obj, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, java.lang.Object p1)
      Ensures that an object reference passed as a parameter to the calling method is not null.
      static <T> T checkNotNull​(T obj, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, java.lang.Object p1, char p2)
      Ensures that an object reference passed as a parameter to the calling method is not null.
      static <T> T checkNotNull​(T obj, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, java.lang.Object p1, int p2)
      Ensures that an object reference passed as a parameter to the calling method is not null.
      static <T> T checkNotNull​(T obj, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, java.lang.Object p1, long p2)
      Ensures that an object reference passed as a parameter to the calling method is not null.
      static <T> T checkNotNull​(T obj, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, java.lang.Object p1, java.lang.Object p2)
      Ensures that an object reference passed as a parameter to the calling method is not null.
      static <T> T checkNotNull​(T obj, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, java.lang.Object p1, java.lang.Object p2, java.lang.Object p3)
      Ensures that an object reference passed as a parameter to the calling method is not null.
      static <T> T checkNotNull​(T obj, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, java.lang.Object p1, java.lang.Object p2, java.lang.Object p3, java.lang.Object p4)
      Ensures that an object reference passed as a parameter to the calling method is not null.
      static int checkPositionIndex​(int index, int size)
      Ensures that index specifies a valid position in an array, list or string of size size.
      static int checkPositionIndex​(int index, int size, java.lang.String desc)
      Ensures that index specifies a valid position in an array, list or string of size size.
      static void checkPositionIndexes​(int start, int end, int size)
      Ensures that start and end specify valid positions in an array, list or string of size size, and are in order.
      static void checkState​(boolean expression)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkState​(boolean expression, java.lang.Object errorMessage)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkState​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, char p1)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkState​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, char p1, char p2)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkState​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, char p1, int p2)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkState​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, char p1, long p2)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkState​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, char p1, java.lang.Object p2)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkState​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, int p1)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkState​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, int p1, char p2)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkState​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, int p1, int p2)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkState​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, int p1, long p2)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkState​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, int p1, java.lang.Object p2)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkState​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, long p1)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkState​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, long p1, char p2)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkState​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, long p1, int p2)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkState​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, long p1, long p2)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkState​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, long p1, java.lang.Object p2)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkState​(boolean expression, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, @Nullable java.lang.Object... errorMessageArgs)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkState​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, java.lang.Object p1)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkState​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, java.lang.Object p1, char p2)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkState​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, java.lang.Object p1, int p2)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkState​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, java.lang.Object p1, long p2)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkState​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, java.lang.Object p1, java.lang.Object p2)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkState​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, java.lang.Object p1, java.lang.Object p2, java.lang.Object p3)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.
      static void checkState​(boolean b, java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate, java.lang.Object p1, java.lang.Object p2, java.lang.Object p3, java.lang.Object p4)
      Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.
      • Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object

        clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait
    • Method Detail

      • checkArgument

        public static void checkArgument​(boolean expression)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.
        Parameters:
        expression - a boolean expression
        Throws:
        java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if expression is false
      • checkArgument

        public static void checkArgument​(boolean expression,
                                         @CheckForNull
                                         java.lang.Object errorMessage)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.
        Parameters:
        expression - a boolean expression
        errorMessage - the exception message to use if the check fails; will be converted to a string using String.valueOf(Object)
        Throws:
        java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if expression is false
      • checkArgument

        public static void checkArgument​(boolean expression,
                                         java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                         @CheckForNull
                                         @Nullable java.lang.Object... errorMessageArgs)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.
        Parameters:
        expression - a boolean expression
        errorMessageTemplate - a template for the exception message should the check fail. The message is formed by replacing each %s placeholder in the template with an argument. These are matched by position - the first %s gets errorMessageArgs[0], etc. Unmatched arguments will be appended to the formatted message in square braces. Unmatched placeholders will be left as-is.
        errorMessageArgs - the arguments to be substituted into the message template. Arguments are converted to strings using String.valueOf(Object).
        Throws:
        java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if expression is false
      • checkArgument

        public static void checkArgument​(boolean b,
                                         java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                         char p1)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.

        See checkArgument(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkArgument

        public static void checkArgument​(boolean b,
                                         java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                         int p1)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.

        See checkArgument(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkArgument

        public static void checkArgument​(boolean b,
                                         java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                         long p1)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.

        See checkArgument(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkArgument

        public static void checkArgument​(boolean b,
                                         java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                         char p1,
                                         char p2)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.

        See checkArgument(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkArgument

        public static void checkArgument​(boolean b,
                                         java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                         char p1,
                                         int p2)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.

        See checkArgument(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkArgument

        public static void checkArgument​(boolean b,
                                         java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                         char p1,
                                         long p2)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.

        See checkArgument(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkArgument

        public static void checkArgument​(boolean b,
                                         java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                         char p1,
                                         @CheckForNull
                                         java.lang.Object p2)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.

        See checkArgument(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkArgument

        public static void checkArgument​(boolean b,
                                         java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                         int p1,
                                         char p2)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.

        See checkArgument(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkArgument

        public static void checkArgument​(boolean b,
                                         java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                         int p1,
                                         int p2)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.

        See checkArgument(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkArgument

        public static void checkArgument​(boolean b,
                                         java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                         int p1,
                                         long p2)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.

        See checkArgument(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkArgument

        public static void checkArgument​(boolean b,
                                         java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                         int p1,
                                         @CheckForNull
                                         java.lang.Object p2)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.

        See checkArgument(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkArgument

        public static void checkArgument​(boolean b,
                                         java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                         long p1,
                                         char p2)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.

        See checkArgument(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkArgument

        public static void checkArgument​(boolean b,
                                         java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                         long p1,
                                         int p2)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.

        See checkArgument(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkArgument

        public static void checkArgument​(boolean b,
                                         java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                         long p1,
                                         long p2)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.

        See checkArgument(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkArgument

        public static void checkArgument​(boolean b,
                                         java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                         long p1,
                                         @CheckForNull
                                         java.lang.Object p2)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.

        See checkArgument(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkArgument

        public static void checkArgument​(boolean b,
                                         java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                         @CheckForNull
                                         java.lang.Object p1,
                                         char p2)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.

        See checkArgument(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkArgument

        public static void checkArgument​(boolean b,
                                         java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                         @CheckForNull
                                         java.lang.Object p1,
                                         int p2)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.

        See checkArgument(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkArgument

        public static void checkArgument​(boolean b,
                                         java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                         @CheckForNull
                                         java.lang.Object p1,
                                         long p2)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving one or more parameters to the calling method.

        See checkArgument(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkState

        public static void checkState​(boolean expression)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.
        Parameters:
        expression - a boolean expression
        Throws:
        java.lang.IllegalStateException - if expression is false
        See Also:
        Verify.verify()
      • checkState

        public static void checkState​(boolean expression,
                                      @CheckForNull
                                      java.lang.Object errorMessage)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.
        Parameters:
        expression - a boolean expression
        errorMessage - the exception message to use if the check fails; will be converted to a string using String.valueOf(Object)
        Throws:
        java.lang.IllegalStateException - if expression is false
        See Also:
        Verify.verify()
      • checkState

        public static void checkState​(boolean expression,
                                      @CheckForNull
                                      java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                      @CheckForNull
                                      @Nullable java.lang.Object... errorMessageArgs)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.
        Parameters:
        expression - a boolean expression
        errorMessageTemplate - a template for the exception message should the check fail. The message is formed by replacing each %s placeholder in the template with an argument. These are matched by position - the first %s gets errorMessageArgs[0], etc. Unmatched arguments will be appended to the formatted message in square braces. Unmatched placeholders will be left as-is.
        errorMessageArgs - the arguments to be substituted into the message template. Arguments are converted to strings using String.valueOf(Object).
        Throws:
        java.lang.IllegalStateException - if expression is false
        See Also:
        Verify.verify()
      • checkState

        public static void checkState​(boolean b,
                                      java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                      char p1)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.

        See checkState(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkState

        public static void checkState​(boolean b,
                                      java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                      int p1)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.

        See checkState(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkState

        public static void checkState​(boolean b,
                                      java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                      long p1)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.

        See checkState(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkState

        public static void checkState​(boolean b,
                                      java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                      @CheckForNull
                                      java.lang.Object p1)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.

        See checkState(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkState

        public static void checkState​(boolean b,
                                      java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                      char p1,
                                      char p2)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.

        See checkState(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkState

        public static void checkState​(boolean b,
                                      java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                      char p1,
                                      int p2)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.

        See checkState(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkState

        public static void checkState​(boolean b,
                                      java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                      char p1,
                                      long p2)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.

        See checkState(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkState

        public static void checkState​(boolean b,
                                      java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                      char p1,
                                      @CheckForNull
                                      java.lang.Object p2)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.

        See checkState(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkState

        public static void checkState​(boolean b,
                                      java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                      int p1,
                                      char p2)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.

        See checkState(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkState

        public static void checkState​(boolean b,
                                      java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                      int p1,
                                      int p2)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.

        See checkState(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkState

        public static void checkState​(boolean b,
                                      java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                      int p1,
                                      long p2)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.

        See checkState(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkState

        public static void checkState​(boolean b,
                                      java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                      int p1,
                                      @CheckForNull
                                      java.lang.Object p2)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.

        See checkState(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkState

        public static void checkState​(boolean b,
                                      java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                      long p1,
                                      char p2)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.

        See checkState(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkState

        public static void checkState​(boolean b,
                                      java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                      long p1,
                                      int p2)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.

        See checkState(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkState

        public static void checkState​(boolean b,
                                      java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                      long p1,
                                      long p2)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.

        See checkState(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkState

        public static void checkState​(boolean b,
                                      java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                      long p1,
                                      @CheckForNull
                                      java.lang.Object p2)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.

        See checkState(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkState

        public static void checkState​(boolean b,
                                      java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                      @CheckForNull
                                      java.lang.Object p1,
                                      char p2)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.

        See checkState(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkState

        public static void checkState​(boolean b,
                                      java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                      @CheckForNull
                                      java.lang.Object p1,
                                      int p2)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.

        See checkState(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkState

        public static void checkState​(boolean b,
                                      java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                      @CheckForNull
                                      java.lang.Object p1,
                                      long p2)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.

        See checkState(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkState

        public static void checkState​(boolean b,
                                      java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                      @CheckForNull
                                      java.lang.Object p1,
                                      @CheckForNull
                                      java.lang.Object p2)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.

        See checkState(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkState

        public static void checkState​(boolean b,
                                      java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                      @CheckForNull
                                      java.lang.Object p1,
                                      @CheckForNull
                                      java.lang.Object p2,
                                      @CheckForNull
                                      java.lang.Object p3)
        Ensures the truth of an expression involving the state of the calling instance, but not involving any parameters to the calling method.

        See checkState(boolean, String, Object...) for details.

        Since:
        20.0 (varargs overload since 2.0)
      • checkNotNull

        @CanIgnoreReturnValue
        public static <T> T checkNotNull​(@CheckForNull
                                         T reference)
        Ensures that an object reference passed as a parameter to the calling method is not null.
        Parameters:
        reference - an object reference
        Returns:
        the non-null reference that was validated
        Throws:
        java.lang.NullPointerException - if reference is null
        See Also:
        Verify.verifyNotNull()
      • checkNotNull

        @CanIgnoreReturnValue
        public static <T> T checkNotNull​(@CheckForNull
                                         T reference,
                                         @CheckForNull
                                         java.lang.Object errorMessage)
        Ensures that an object reference passed as a parameter to the calling method is not null.
        Parameters:
        reference - an object reference
        errorMessage - the exception message to use if the check fails; will be converted to a string using String.valueOf(Object)
        Returns:
        the non-null reference that was validated
        Throws:
        java.lang.NullPointerException - if reference is null
        See Also:
        Verify.verifyNotNull()
      • checkNotNull

        @CanIgnoreReturnValue
        public static <T> T checkNotNull​(@CheckForNull
                                         T reference,
                                         java.lang.String errorMessageTemplate,
                                         @CheckForNull
                                         @Nullable java.lang.Object... errorMessageArgs)
        Ensures that an object reference passed as a parameter to the calling method is not null.
        Parameters:
        reference - an object reference
        errorMessageTemplate - a template for the exception message should the check fail. The message is formed by replacing each %s placeholder in the template with an argument. These are matched by position - the first %s gets errorMessageArgs[0], etc. Unmatched arguments will be appended to the formatted message in square braces. Unmatched placeholders will be left as-is.
        errorMessageArgs - the arguments to be substituted into the message template. Arguments are converted to strings using String.valueOf(Object).
        Returns:
        the non-null reference that was validated
        Throws:
        java.lang.NullPointerException - if reference is null
        See Also:
        Verify.verifyNotNull()
      • checkElementIndex

        @CanIgnoreReturnValue
        public static int checkElementIndex​(int index,
                                            int size)
        Ensures that index specifies a valid element in an array, list or string of size size. An element index may range from zero, inclusive, to size, exclusive.
        Parameters:
        index - a user-supplied index identifying an element of an array, list or string
        size - the size of that array, list or string
        Returns:
        the value of index
        Throws:
        java.lang.IndexOutOfBoundsException - if index is negative or is not less than size
        java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if size is negative
      • checkElementIndex

        @CanIgnoreReturnValue
        public static int checkElementIndex​(int index,
                                            int size,
                                            java.lang.String desc)
        Ensures that index specifies a valid element in an array, list or string of size size. An element index may range from zero, inclusive, to size, exclusive.
        Parameters:
        index - a user-supplied index identifying an element of an array, list or string
        size - the size of that array, list or string
        desc - the text to use to describe this index in an error message
        Returns:
        the value of index
        Throws:
        java.lang.IndexOutOfBoundsException - if index is negative or is not less than size
        java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if size is negative
      • checkPositionIndex

        @CanIgnoreReturnValue
        public static int checkPositionIndex​(int index,
                                             int size)
        Ensures that index specifies a valid position in an array, list or string of size size. A position index may range from zero to size, inclusive.
        Parameters:
        index - a user-supplied index identifying a position in an array, list or string
        size - the size of that array, list or string
        Returns:
        the value of index
        Throws:
        java.lang.IndexOutOfBoundsException - if index is negative or is greater than size
        java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if size is negative
      • checkPositionIndex

        @CanIgnoreReturnValue
        public static int checkPositionIndex​(int index,
                                             int size,
                                             java.lang.String desc)
        Ensures that index specifies a valid position in an array, list or string of size size. A position index may range from zero to size, inclusive.
        Parameters:
        index - a user-supplied index identifying a position in an array, list or string
        size - the size of that array, list or string
        desc - the text to use to describe this index in an error message
        Returns:
        the value of index
        Throws:
        java.lang.IndexOutOfBoundsException - if index is negative or is greater than size
        java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if size is negative
      • checkPositionIndexes

        public static void checkPositionIndexes​(int start,
                                                int end,
                                                int size)
        Ensures that start and end specify valid positions in an array, list or string of size size, and are in order. A position index may range from zero to size, inclusive.
        Parameters:
        start - a user-supplied index identifying a starting position in an array, list or string
        end - a user-supplied index identifying an ending position in an array, list or string
        size - the size of that array, list or string
        Throws:
        java.lang.IndexOutOfBoundsException - if either index is negative or is greater than size, or if end is less than start
        java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if size is negative